Athletes run the risk of injury in any sport. However, during summer, a higher risk of heat-related illnesses and head injuries calls for extra caution.
Heat-related illnesses include:
- Dehydration: dry mouth, thirstiness, dry lips, fatigue, lightheadedness and headache. Drink plenty of water or liquids such as sports beverages that hydrate and replace electrolytes.
- Heat exhaustion: dizziness, lightheadedness, headache, nausea and profuse sweating. Find an air-conditioned environment and rest while rehydrating.
- Heat stroke: high body temperature of 104 degrees Fahrenheit or more; hot, dry skin with no sweating; rapid pulse; confusion and changes in mental status. This is a serious medical emergency and 9-1-1 must be called immediately.
A jarring impact to the head could lead to a concussion, which alters normal brain function and can have long-term consequences. Signs and symptoms include: feeling dazed or stunned; confusion; poor balance; headache, nausea or vomiting; blurry or double vision; and loss of consciousness (even briefly).
If a concussion is suspected, a health professional needs to determine when it’s safe for the individual to return to activity.
– Article provided by SMSG sponsor MU Health Care